船舶运营收入的回升将推动新造船活动的复苏,而船厂成本的增加以及产能的持续挤压正在促进新造船价格提高。

咨询公司Maritime Strategies International(MSI)的分析师Stuart Nicoll近日表示,预计未来4年一些主要船型部门运费率收入将有所提高,因此新造船活动也将随之增长。推动收入提高的因素是货物需求的增长(来自贸易增长)以及船队增长率放缓。

MSI预计,未来5年主要航运领域的船队增长将减速,这有助于许多领域供需平衡关系的改善。船队增长的减速来自于交付量的下滑,在2016年和2017年订单量的减少必然导致交付量降低;另外,越来越严格的监管环境预计也将带来拆解量的大幅提升。

MSI指出,新造船活动的增长将在未来三年促进船价的提高。可以明确的是,船厂手持订单量能够满足的工作量指标在2017年降至最低水平,未来两年前景将得到快速改善。除了手持订单的增长,造船产能的持续削减也有助于提高这一指标。随着一些船厂最后的手持订单交付完毕,造船产能还将进一步减少。

MSI发现,过去两年来,船厂成本快速扩大,在今年进一步提高,预计将在2021年基本保持稳定。这些因素使得新造船在2018年开始回升,在2019年将加速增长,预计到2021年新造船价格将会创下新高。大部分船型价格将达到甚至超过2013年的峰值水平。

理论上,当前低廉的新造船价格为船东提供了一个绝佳的机会,能够在多个航运部门预期收益增长之前达成交易。推动新造船投资的另一个因素是,在2020年即将到来的高燃料价格环境下,环保船舶需求的复兴。


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